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Migrant return agreement signed between Germany and Spain

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Last updated on September 24th, 2018

On Wednesday, a spokeswoman for the German Interior Ministry said that an agreement had been made to send some migrants arriving in Germany back to Spain.

The deal has been signed by the German and Spanish interior ministries on Monday, said Eleonore Petermann. Spain did not ask for anything in return from Germany in return, she added.

The agreement covers migrants who have registered as refugees in Spain, with their data recorded in the European Dactyloscopy (Eurodac) fingerprint database for identifying asylum-seekers and people crossing borders in an irregular manner.

According to the agreement, people arriving from Spain can be sent back within 48 hours of arrival at the German border. However, the bilateral agreement is due to come into force on Saturday.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s visit to Spain to meet the Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez is due this weekend.

This agreement is first of its kind, although Interior Minister Horst Seehofer wants to draw up similar arrangements with other European countries. According to Petermann, similar bilateral agreements are being negotiated with Greece and Italy.

Under the rules of European Union, migrants arriving in the EU should register and their application be processed in the country where they make their initial entry. An alarming number of migrants have made their way from North Africa to Europe via Spain this year.

The coalition government in Germany is under immense pressure to avoid the situation seen in 2015, when nearly 900,000 people, fleeing war and poverty in the Middle East, Asia and Africa entered Germany.

Over the past month, the Interior Ministry under Seehofer has set up transit centers on the border separating Austria from Seehofer’s home state of Bavaria, and “Anker” centers to hold and process asylum seekers.

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Google will pay almost €1bn to conclude French tax probe

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Google will pay almost €1bn to conclude French tax probe

Google has agreed to pay over 1 billion euros ($1.10 billion) to the French authorities in order to conclude a fiscal fraud investigation that was launched four years ago.

French investigators are probing to find out whether Google’s European headquarters in Dublin, avoided paying its dues to the state by eluding to affirm a portion of its operations in the country.

According to Google, both the sides have reached to a settlement wherein a fine of 500 million euros will be paid by Google, along with additional taxes of 465 million euros.

Google gives out a small amount of tax in most European countries, reason being it documents majority of sales in Ireland. Such a framework exists due to a loophole in international tax law but it depends on Dublin staff who concludes all sales agreements.

During a hearing in the Paris court, Google’s lawyer Antonin Levy said, “(The agreement allows) to settle once for all these past disputes.”

The total amount of tax payment is not more than 1.6 billion euros sought by the finance ministry after Google’s offices in Paris were raided in 2016. Back then, the ministry strongly refused to come in terms with the company.

Budget Minister Gerald Darmanin said the settlement with Google will put a legal precedent in place. Darmanin further added that discussions were already going on with a number of other companies, both big and small. However, he did not name any of those companies.

So far, the European countries have found it difficult to tax the profits of global tech companies derived in their judiciary.

France has always laid emphasis on a digital tax to entail European Union member states, but has faced opposition from Ireland, Denmark, Sweden and Finland.

“We remain convinced that a coordinated reform of the international tax system is the best way to provide a clear framework for companies operating worldwide,” Google said.

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Freight accident in Congo kills at least 50 stowaways

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Freight accident in Congo kills at least 50

Over 50 people lost their lives after a cargo train derailed in southeastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) on September 12.

The train got off the track at 3am in Tanganyika (province) near Mayibaridi. The authorities confirmed a provisional toll of 50 dead and several others wounded,” minister for humanitarian action, Steve Mbikayi, said in a tweet.

However, according to the scene witnesses and local media, more than a hundred people are feared killed in the Congo train accident.

Victor Umba, the union head of the national rail company SNCC, said the cargo train was slated to cover its route from the town of Nyunzu to the town of Niemba when two coaches fell off the tracks.

“Those who died in this derailment were stowaways. It is impossible for the SNCC to provide any kind of toll,” Umba said.

He further added that the SNCC’s chief had reached the provincial capital of Kalemie for figuring out a way to lift the coaches. “It seems that many stowaways are trapped under the derailed carriages”.

DRC railways has been struggling through a bad record for safety, accidents often due to derelict tracks and decrepit locomotives, which are majorly outdated and operating since 1960s.

In March, over 24 people were killed and 31 were wounded after a cargo train loaded with illegal passengers met an accident in the central province of Kasai.

In November 2018, at least 10 stowaways were killed along with 24 wounded close to the eastern town of Samba. The accident was a result of failed brakes.

In November 2017, over 35 people lost their lives when a cargo train with 13 oil tankers dropped into a valley in southern Lualaba region.

Similar to several state companies in DR Congo, the SNCC is falling into bankruptcy and its erstwhile chief Sylvestre Ilunga is the country’s current prime minister.

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Ashura panic-rush kills 31 in Iraq, death toll expected to rise

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Ashura

At least 31 people were killed during Ashura in a tragic stampede in Iraq’s holy city of Karbala after a footbridge suddenly plummeted. Over 100 people were wounded, and according to the Iraqi Health Ministry, the death toll was expected to increase as a couple of wounded were in critical condition.

The incident took place while the Ashura festival procession was nearing end, as the pilgrims marked Shi’ite Muslim holy rituals at the shrine of Imam Hussein. Shrine officials said the Iraq stampede started at the main entry of the ornate building.

The annual pilgrimage marking the death of the Prophet Mohammed’s grandson in battle in 680 draws hundreds of thousands of Shi’ite Muslims to Karbala from around the world.

On this day Shi’ite Muslims commemorate the killing of Hussein in A.D. 680. He was a grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, and was killed by a rival Muslim faction, which is believed to cause rift between Shiite and Sunni Islam. For Shiites, Hussein and his line of descent are the heirs of the prophet by right.

The Shiites pilgrims observe the day with mourning and hitting themselves and some wounding their heads with sharp blades.

In the past, radical Sunni militants have targeted Ashura processions, however, this year was quite peaceful up to the breaking of the walkway. The officials told that the bridge collapsed in the mid of the so-called Tweireej run, when thousands of pilgrims were running toward the Imam Hussein shrine.

That run signifies the time when maternal cousins of Hussein’s half brother came running across a mile fromTweireej village to save him, but found that he was killed.

As the people saw other pilgrims rushing in panic, stampede got instigated near the gold-domed Imam Hussein shrine, which crushed many people to death.

According to the Associated Press, yesterday’s stampede was the most hazardous in a long time during Ashura commemorations in Karbala, which is located over 50 miles south of Baghdad.

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Iranian Oil Tanker Adrian Darya 1 in Criticism from British Officials

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Adrian Darya 1

Recently, the 1997 built Iranian oil tanker Adrian Darya 1 is in criticism from the British officials. On Tuesday, Britain’s foreign minister Dominic Raab accused the Iranian tanker to have sold its crude oil to Assad regime led by the Syrian politician Bashar Hafez al-Assad, who became the president of Syria in 2000.  

“Iran has shown complete disregard for its own assurances over Adrian Darya 1”, said Dominic Raab.

As known from the previous data, the Iranian officials assured that they would not sell crude to any other country, but the Iranian’s act of disregarding their own assurances aggravated the British officials amid continued provoking indifferences with the oil-rich country.  

The conflicts between both the UK and Iran seems to be growing from a long time. Not only that, the Iranian officials are also having a hard time dealing with the US as the latter unilaterally pulled out of a 2015 nuclear deal. Furthermore, the US also imposed various sanctions on Iran, that hindered Iran’s exports to the other Middle-Eastern countries.

In regards to Britain’s accuses, the US State Department on Tuesday said that the Iranian officials have deceived the international community by going back from their words, stressing on the fact that they did sell illicit oil to Assad’s regime.

Previously, Iran seized a British-flagged tanker in the strait of Hormuz in July. The move came two weeks later when the British officials detained an Iranian tanker off the coast of Gibraltar. The Iranian oil tanker Grace 1, which is now named as Adrian Darya 1, was seized for illegally transporting oil to Syria in July, with the claims that the shipping breached the EU sanctions.

The British Royal Marines, however released the Iranian vessel on August 15, with assurances from Tehran that the ship would not discharge its 2.1 million barrels of oil in Syria. But the recent accusations are a clear contradiction to Iran’s previous statements. The British officials made it clear that Iran breached the made promises, transferring oil to Syria through Adrian Darya 1.

Dissatisfied with Iranian’s move, Dominic Raab said, “This sale of oil to (Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s) brutal regime is part of a pattern of behavior by the Government of Iran designed to disrupt regional security.”

As the situation appears, the government might raise the entire issue of illicit transport of oil through Adrian Darya 1 in the UN meeting ahead this month.

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China Threatened Over UK Warships Deployment in South China Sea

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UK Warships

The UK-China feud in the international waters has been in continuation from a long time. Recently, the Chinese officials warned the government against sailing of the UK warships through the disputed waters in the South China Sea.

Against China’s continuous warnings, the Naval Chiefs claimed that they have every right to sail to the vast South China Sea that provides free navigation of shipping. The rumours that the British officials would be sending an aircraft carrier to the disputed Spratly Islands that has been often claimed by a number of nations in the region including China, Vietnam and the Philippines, along with US jets on board gave way to more insecurities in the South China Sea.

The Chinese officials have warned that in accordance to such hostility, Beijing would respond with military perspective. The US’ involvement with the UK was seen as a major threat by China, which believed that the duo’s joining hands would challenge or violate the sovereignty and territorial integrity of China.

The US often conducts a freedom of navigation operations in the South China Sea to challenge China’s territorial claim. They have even accused China of illegally building military facilities on certain islands, which the latter has called an alleged assumption by the US officials. The Chinese Ambassador to the UK Liu Xiaoming said “Britain should not do this dirty job for somebody else.”

Xiaoming clearly rejected the arguments, which stated that the Royal Navy would be upholding international rules concerning Freedom of Navigation. He further expressed his discontent and objected on the UK warships’ entering into the Chinese territorial waters.

It is not the first time that the situations have been difficult for both the UK and China. Earlier, the relations between both the nations severed in the wake of the ongoing Hong Kong protests that affected China’s authority in the territory. With Britain’s interference, supporting the protestors, Xiaoming reiterated on the fact that Hong Kong is a part of China and the foreign countries shouldn’t interfere in the territory’s affairs.

Despite the warnings from China, the British officials would deploy their new aircraft carrier HMS Queen Elizabeth to the South China Sea in 2021. One of the major aims of the government behind the entire UK warships scenario is to protect the international law, providing freedom of navigation at sea and in the air. Through this the government largely aims to oppose “militarization” of the South China Sea, maintaining regional security in the region.

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